Fire prevention of the hottest airport aircraft

2022-08-21
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Airports, aircraft fire prevention

airports are used for aircraft take-off, landing, taxiing, parking and maintenance. Automobile manufacturers have higher and higher control standards for VOC in vehicles, including various building facilities for aircraft and facilities for passenger and cargo transportation. According to the nature of its use, it can be divided into civil airports, aviation training airports, aviation operation airports, test airports, aviation sports airports, scientific experiment airports and water airports. Due to the complexity of the airport building community, it is very easy to have a major fire with a little carelessness, causing heavy casualties, property losses and adverse international impact

aircraft is one of the modern means of transportation. It is an industry with a high level of science and technology and strict scientific management. If the scientific and technological level of the operator is not high, or there is a slight negligence and error, it may cause a major fire, or an accident of machine destruction and human death. Therefore, it is not only the need of modernization, but also of great international significance to do a good job in the prevention of airport and aircraft fires

I. fire risk

1. Airport

(1) there are often dikes and ditches near the two ends of the runway in the flight area, and some are also installed with baffles to protect adjacent buildings or roads. When the visibility is poor, the aircraft is easy to hit the dikes and baffles, causing fire accidents; The aircraft brake fails, rushes out of the runway, hits the airport enclosure facilities, or falls into the mire when moving on the bad ground, which may cause a fire; A large area of weeds and various electrical equipment in the flight area, as well as construction and repair, construction equipment and pavement repair equipment, and other operations are slightly careless, which is easy to cause fire

(2) various cables and wires of the radio communication and navigation system pass under the floor. In case of line damage, heating, short circuit, equipment failure and careless operation during use and maintenance, fire may occur

(3) in the process of hydrogen production in the hydrogen production room of the airport meteorological station, if there is a running phenomenon, the discharged hydrogen will rise and stay on the roof, and it will cause an explosion if it meets Mars

(4) the terminal is close to the aircraft refueling and maintenance operation area, which is seriously threatened by fire

(5) the aircraft apron is equipped with refueling, power supply, lighting and other facilities. During refueling operations, fuel leakage is inevitable; The high-power electromagnetic wave in the apron space and the high-temperature jet flow at the tail of the aircraft have increased the risk of fire

(6) there are a lot of fuel, flammable vapor and various electrical equipment in the special garage of the airport. A little carelessness can cause a fire

(7) electrical failures of mechanical equipment in the airport cargo warehouse, sparks caused by machine friction and impact, and random warehousing of various motor vehicles are also easy to cause warehouse fires; Fire accidents may be caused by improper collection and transportation of goods, lax transportation inspection, illegal operation of loading and unloading workers, lack of understanding of dangerous goods by personnel handling dangerous goods, false declaration of the name of the goods by the owner or concealment of dangerous goods in the goods

(8) when transporting dangerous goods by air without proper packaging, or transporting dangerous goods as ordinary goods or carrying dangerous goods without permission, all these add unsafe factors to air transportation and are very likely to cause fire

(9) the inflammables and explosives stored and used in the maintenance plant, as well as the frequent dangerous operations such as painting, cleaning, oiling, oil drainage, welding, etc., all pose a great fire risk

(10) the oils and additives stored in the airport oil depot are volatile, easy to leak, easy to flow, easy to accumulate electrostatic charges, flammable and explosive. A little negligence will lead to fire

(11) short circuit, overload, excessive contact resistance, arc light, lightning strike, etc. caused by poor insulation of electrical equipment and lines in airport substation may cause fire, especially if the power supply is interrupted in case of fire, it is easy to cause aircraft collision and fire accident

2. Aircraft

(1) sudden shutdown caused by aircraft engine failure, engine smoke, fire or sudden explosion; The engine was thrown off when the plane took off, causing the plane to tilt and plug into the ground, causing a fire

(2) aircraft fire caused by landing gear wheel fire, hydraulic oil fire, tire fire, tire drop or shooting, oil shock absorber failure or mechanical failure

(3) the running, emitting, dripping, leaking and impure fuel of the aircraft fuel system, static electricity generated by the fuel and the poor operation technology of the pilot may also lead to the aircraft fire

(4) when the electrical equipment and lines of the aircraft electrical system are short circuited, overloaded, and the contact resistance is too large, the aircraft is prone to fire; Electric heating equipment close to combustibles and improper use of lighting fixtures are also prone to fire

(5) when inflammable, explosive, self ignitable and other dangerous substances are carried in the checked goods, luggage or passengers' carry on luggage and parcels, or there are substances with chemical properties that conflict with the aircraft, fire or explosion accidents may be caused due to loose packaging or loading and unloading not in accordance with the regulations

(6) after the aircraft starts, the bearing and rotating friction parts heat up and catch fire, causing other combustibles to cause different engine fires in the force measuring range of the flying machine

(7) under adverse weather and meteorological conditions such as fog, sudden torrent, strong wind and heavy rain, it is easy to cause aircraft accidents and even sudden fires

(8) when the aircraft takes off, it suddenly encounters the impact of birds in the air, or when taxiing on the ground, it suddenly encounters people, livestock, etc., causing the improper operation of pilots and causing the aircraft crash and fire; Rats running into the aircraft and biting the insulation layer of wires, oil pipelines, packages of dangerous chemicals, etc. will also cause accidents and fires

(9) the interruption of communication and navigation, or the error of navigation command and the misunderstanding of navigation command by pilots may cause a major malignant accident of aircraft crash

(1o) when maintaining the aircraft, the slight negligence or error of the operator may also cause the aircraft fire

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